Frederick SUMMERS, 17871820 (aged 32 years)

Name
Frederick /SUMMERS/
Birth
Note: Nov 5 1787 is the likely date of Frederick Summers baptism, but there are other possibilities. The parish records of Dursley have a baptism record for Frederick Summers and Martha Summers, children of Charles and Martha Summers on 5 Nov 1787. One possibility is that these were not twins but a delayed baptism for Frederick who was born a year earlier. Frederick's records from the British Army on 17 June 1816 stated he was 29 years and 220 days of age. Computing backwards, this would put his birthdate in Nov 1786. ( WO 25/372.) There was also a baptism record for Fredc Summers, son of Charles and Martha on 16 Oct 1783. It is likely that young Fredc died soon after 1783 and the next son was given the same name - a common occurrence. Frederick's discharge papers state he was born in Cam Parish, near Dursley.

Nov 5 1787 is the likely date of Frederick Summers baptism, but there are other possibilities. The parish records of Dursley have a baptism record for Frederick Summers and Martha Summers, children of Charles and Martha Summers on 5 Nov 1787. One possibility is that these were not twins but a delayed baptism for Frederick who was born a year earlier. Frederick's records from the British Army on 17 June 1816 stated he was 29 years and 220 days of age. Computing backwards, this would put his birthdate in Nov 1786. ( WO 25/372.) There was also a baptism record for Fredc Summers, son of Charles and Martha on 16 Oct 1783. It is likely that young Fredc died soon after 1783 and the next son was given the same name - a common occurrence. Frederick's discharge papers state he was born in Cam Parish, near Dursley.

FREDERIC SUMMERS
05 Nov 1787
Baptism place DURSLEY
Father's first name(s) Charles
Mother's first name(s) Martha
County Gloucestershire
Record set Gloucestershire Baptisms

Baptism
Military
1810-1816
Note: Found in the British Archives in document WO25/1729, daily accounts of the 35th Foot in the 1810-1815 era.

Found in the British Archives in document WO25/1729, daily accounts of the 35th Foot in the 1810-1815 era.

25 Dec 1810. Twenty five men died and it appears to be at Walchern under the command of Maj C.C. Arnett. The next month's account had 23 dead and 2 deserted, Three more died between 25 Feb and 24 March with 2 more desertions under Capt C Wall, Commanding Officer reporting. Returns in July-Aug reported 4 desertions and no deaths. In the following Feb/Mar 2012 report it was stated that the unit was in Shorncliffe Barracks until 25 May/24 June where they were found at Guernsey for 4 months. No more entries were found until 1813.

Margate Oct 25-Nov 26/1813
Hoeven Holland Nov 25-Dec 24/1813
Holland Dec 25-Mar 24/1814
Antwerp Mar 25-May 24/1814
Newport May 25-Aug 24/1814
Bruges Aug 25-Jan 1815
Ostend Jan 24-Mar 1815
Courtray Mar 25-May 24/1815
Camp Near Paris May 25 - Sep 24/1815
Marcou?? Sept 25 -Nov/1815
Audinghen (Near Calais) France Nov 25-Dec 24/1815
Dover Dec 25-Jan 24/1816
Waterford Ireland Jan 25-Apr 24/1816

Birth of a sister
Military service
between January 7, 1800 and September 4, 1802 (aged 14 years)
Military
35th Foot of the British Army
between 1805 and 1816 (aged 28 years)
Note: Frederick Summers appeared in musters and soldier lists of the 35th Foot from 1805-1816.
Military
South Glocestershire Militia
1805 (aged 17 years)
Note: According to his muster record in the 35th Foot, Frederick Summers Volunteered from the South Glocestershire Militia 19 April 1805, as did many others in his company.
Military service
Note: Napoleonic War - Regimental indexes 1806 Transcription

Napoleonic War - Regimental indexes 1806 Transcription
Record collection:Regimental & service records
Collections from:United Kingdom, Copyright Barbara Chambers

Frederick Summers
Year:1805
Enlistment Apr 19
Regiment:2/35th Foot, Rank:Serjeant
WO25:967

Also, copied from original discharge papers of Frederick Summers. Originals in possession of Virginia Gaddis of Washington.

"Discharged 12 June 1816. E.H. Berkeley Commanding Officer. Sergeant Summers of 2nd Battalion, 35th Regiment

Elgin Fencibles 7 Jan 1800-4 Sep 1802
Thirty fifth 19 April 1805 - 12 June 1816, 11 years 54 days.

Served at Egypt, Walcheren, Holland and Waterloo. Wounded by musketball at Walcheren.

Sergeant Frederick Summers born in the parish of Cam in a near town of Dursley in the County of Gloucester.

5 feet 10 inches, dark brown har, fair complexion, hazle eyes

S.S. Scarfe Captain 35th Regiment"

And found in the British Archives: Frederick Summers name is listed as sergeant of the 35th Foot in the list of soldiers present at the Battle of Waterloo, in Capt Weare's Co, 2nd Battalion.

Marriage
Note: DORSET MARRIAGES VOL 2, transcribed by Clifford Tatler, SOG.

DORSET MARRIAGES VOL 2, transcribed by Clifford Tatler, SOG.

Marriage of Ann Porter and Frederick Summers (soldier 35 Regt), 28 Aug 1805 - by banns. (Looks like Frederick signed name, she made X). Witnesses: William Read and Thomas Whittle.

The LDS microfiln of the Bishop's Transcripts for Broadway has a gap for records in the time frame of this document; however, the other pages from the film appear to be identical in handwriting and form to this document. Evidently, the copy held by the family is a contemporary document.

Birth of a son
Death of a son
Note: Ann's baby boy Summers led a short but difficult, eventful life. He was born in Sicily after the 2nd Battalion of the 35th Foot arrived from England. In 1807 the British went to war against the Turks who controlled Egypt. The 35th Foot, with Ann and her young baby traveling along, invaded Egypt. The force was undersized and never made much headway in the country. There were several disastrous battles and the units ended up beeing bottled up in Alexandria for several months. Life must have been hard for the little baby and his mother. From the HISTORICAL MEMOIR 35TH ROYAL SUSSEX REGIMENT OF FOOT by Richard Trimen, page 100,

Ann's baby boy Summers led a short but difficult, eventful life. He was born in Sicily after the 2nd Battalion of the 35th Foot arrived from England. In 1807 the British went to war against the Turks who controlled Egypt. The 35th Foot, with Ann and her young baby traveling along, invaded Egypt. The force was undersized and never made much headway in the country. There were several disastrous battles and the units ended up beeing bottled up in Alexandria for several months. Life must have been hard for the little baby and his mother. From the HISTORICAL MEMOIR 35TH ROYAL SUSSEX REGIMENT OF FOOT by Richard Trimen, page 100,

"The army remained at Alexandria until September, when despairing of succour from England and exchange of prisoners was effected, and the troops embarked for Sicily on the 23rd [My addition: Baby Summers died only 10 days before the troops sailed from Egypt. It must have been a devastating loss to the young family. ] .... " The unit returned to Melazzo Sicily and the 2nd Battalion, with Frederick and Ann, embarked for England on the 25th of October, 1807.

The 35th Foot lost over 285 men in the short campaign. Interestingly, over 100 years later the 35th regiment was cut to pieces at the Battle of Almanza nearby in Egypt.

Death of a mother
Note: From Dursley Parish Register:

From Dursley Parish Register:

Martha, wife of Charles Summers buried.

Birth of a daughter
Note: ARMY RECORDS BIRTHS:"Priscilla Summers Guernsey 1812 13th(sic)Regt vol 5 page 15"
Military
13th Regiment of Foot
between 1817 and 1820 (aged 32 years)
UK
Note: A record in Scotlands People states that John Stenna (John Stinner) of the 13th Foot in Edinburgh Castle married Ann Porter, relict of Sgt Summers of the same unit, in 1820. Evidently Frederick Summers, formerly of the 35th Foot, had reenlisted into the British Army in a different unit sometime between 1816 and 1820. This record is almost certainly a record for Ann PORTER Summers of Frensham, wife of Sgt Frederick Summers of Dursley.

A record in Scotlands People states that John Stenna (John Stinner) of the 13th Foot in Edinburgh Castle married Ann Porter, relict of Sgt Summers of the same unit, in 1820. Evidently Frederick Summers, formerly of the 35th Foot, had reenlisted into the British Army in a different unit sometime between 1816 and 1820. This record is almost certainly a record for Ann PORTER Summers of Frensham, wife of Sgt Frederick Summers of Dursley.

Records of the 13th Regiment of Foot from Jun 1817 to 1820 show that Frederick Summers had rejoined the British Army after leaving the 35th Foot in 1816. In 1817 the 13th Regiment was in the Channel Island but they were moved to Hilsea Barracks in Portsmouth in June 1819. From there they were transferred to Scotland on Sept 25, 1819 to help suppress the Scottish rebellion. At various times he was in Glasgow, Stirling Castle and Edinburgh Castle where he died before Oct 20, 1820.

Napoleonic War Records 1775 - 1817 From findmypast has this entry:
First name(s) Frederick
Last name Summers
Rank Corporal
Regiment 1/13th Foot+
Enlistment year 1817
Enlistment day 10
Enlistment month Mar
WO25 reference 931
Category Military Service & Conflict
Subcategory Regimental & Service Records
Collections from Great Britain, UK None

There are 11 mentions of Frederick Summers, a payroll clerk & Waterloo Man, in WO 12/3040 and WO 12/3041 of the British Archives. (1817-1820) The first record shows he must have joined the 13th as a Corporal but was promoted back to Sergeant sometime between June and Sept, 1817. He was stationed in Guernsey for most of his time with the 13th.

Death of a father
Note: From the parish register:

From the parish register:

p 20 #153: Charles Summers, Dursley, 12 Jan 1817, age 78.

Death
1820 (aged 32 years)
Family with parents
father
17381817
Birth: May 1738 Near Cam, Gloucestershire
Death: January 12, 1817Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
mother
17401810
Birth: September 19, 1740 30 Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death: June 10, 1810Dursley, Gloucestershire
Religious marriage Religious marriageJanuary 2, 1760Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
6 months
elder sister
1760
Birth: June 1760 22 19 Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
28 years
himself
BritishArmy35ft2.gif
17871820
Birth: November 1787 49 47 Cam near Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1820
-24 years
elder brother
1763
Birth: October 17, 1763 25 23 Dursley, Gloucestershire
3 years
elder brother
17671767
Birth: March 4, 1767 28 26 Dursley, Gloucestershire
Death: March 4, 1767Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
3 years
elder brother
1770
Birth: February 13, 1770 31 29 Dursley, Gloucestershire
2 years
elder sister
brother
elder sister
1775
Birth: September 5, 1775 37 34 Dursley, Gloucestershire
2 years
elder brother
17771848
Birth: October 28, 1777 39 37 Dursley, Gloucestershire
Death: 1848Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
16 months
elder brother
17791779
Birth: February 19, 1779 40 38 Dursley, Gloucestershire
Death: February 24, 1779Dursley, Gloucestershire
18 months
elder sister
1780
Birth: August 6, 1780 42 39 Dursley, Gloucestershire
7 years
sister
1787
Birth: November 5, 1787 49 47 Dursley, Gloucestershire
Family with Ann PORTER
himself
BritishArmy35ft2.gif
17871820
Birth: November 1787 49 47 Cam near Dursley, Gloucestershire, England
Death: 1820
wife
ShipPalestine.jpg
17851862
Birth: March 1, 1785 38 27 Frensham, Surrey County, England
Death: September 3, 1862Warrick Co., IN
Marriage MarriageAugust 28, 1805Parish of Broadway, County of Dorset, England
13 months
son
18061807
Birth: October 2, 1806 18 21 Sicily
Death: September 13, 1807Egypt
6 years
daughter
18121880
Birth: November 21, 1812 25 27 Guernsey, Channel Islands, England
Death: March 28, 1880Warrick Co., IN
Charles COLLEY + Ann PORTER
wife’s husband
17761849
Birth: 1776
Death: March 9, 1849
wife
ShipPalestine.jpg
17851862
Birth: March 1, 1785 38 27 Frensham, Surrey County, England
Death: September 3, 1862Warrick Co., IN
Religious marriage Religious marriageDecember 24, 1826St George the Martyr, Southwark, South London, England
-6 years
stepdaughter
1820
Birth: 1820 44 34
John STINNER + Ann PORTER
wife’s husband
1822
Death: 1822
wife
ShipPalestine.jpg
17851862
Birth: March 1, 1785 38 27 Frensham, Surrey County, England
Death: September 3, 1862Warrick Co., IN
Marriage MarriageOctober 30, 1820Edinburgh, Scotland
Samuel GROVES + Ann PORTER
wife’s husband
17861826
Birth: 1786
Death: August 1826Bermondsey, Southwark, England
wife
ShipPalestine.jpg
17851862
Birth: March 1, 1785 38 27 Frensham, Surrey County, England
Death: September 3, 1862Warrick Co., IN
Marriage MarriageJanuary 1, 1823St Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey, Surrey, England
Military service
Military service
Marriage
Name
Birth

Nov 5 1787 is the likely date of Frederick Summers baptism, but there are other possibilities. The parish records of Dursley have a baptism record for Frederick Summers and Martha Summers, children of Charles and Martha Summers on 5 Nov 1787. One possibility is that these were not twins but a delayed baptism for Frederick who was born a year earlier. Frederick's records from the British Army on 17 June 1816 stated he was 29 years and 220 days of age. Computing backwards, this would put his birthdate in Nov 1786. ( WO 25/372.) There was also a baptism record for Fredc Summers, son of Charles and Martha on 16 Oct 1783. It is likely that young Fredc died soon after 1783 and the next son was given the same name - a common occurrence. Frederick's discharge papers state he was born in Cam Parish, near Dursley.

FREDERIC SUMMERS
05 Nov 1787
Baptism place DURSLEY
Father's first name(s) Charles
Mother's first name(s) Martha
County Gloucestershire
Record set Gloucestershire Baptisms

Military

Frederick Summers appeared in musters and soldier lists of the 35th Foot from 1805-1816.

Military

According to his muster record in the 35th Foot, Frederick Summers Volunteered from the South Glocestershire Militia 19 April 1805, as did many others in his company.

Military

Found in the British Archives in document WO25/1729, daily accounts of the 35th Foot in the 1810-1815 era.

25 Dec 1810. Twenty five men died and it appears to be at Walchern under the command of Maj C.C. Arnett. The next month's account had 23 dead and 2 deserted, Three more died between 25 Feb and 24 March with 2 more desertions under Capt C Wall, Commanding Officer reporting. Returns in July-Aug reported 4 desertions and no deaths. In the following Feb/Mar 2012 report it was stated that the unit was in Shorncliffe Barracks until 25 May/24 June where they were found at Guernsey for 4 months. No more entries were found until 1813.

Margate Oct 25-Nov 26/1813
Hoeven Holland Nov 25-Dec 24/1813
Holland Dec 25-Mar 24/1814
Antwerp Mar 25-May 24/1814
Newport May 25-Aug 24/1814
Bruges Aug 25-Jan 1815
Ostend Jan 24-Mar 1815
Courtray Mar 25-May 24/1815
Camp Near Paris May 25 - Sep 24/1815
Marcou?? Sept 25 -Nov/1815
Audinghen (Near Calais) France Nov 25-Dec 24/1815
Dover Dec 25-Jan 24/1816
Waterford Ireland Jan 25-Apr 24/1816

Military service

Napoleonic War - Regimental indexes 1806 Transcription
Record collection:Regimental & service records
Collections from:United Kingdom, Copyright Barbara Chambers

Frederick Summers
Year:1805
Enlistment Apr 19
Regiment:2/35th Foot, Rank:Serjeant
WO25:967

Also, copied from original discharge papers of Frederick Summers. Originals in possession of Virginia Gaddis of Washington.

"Discharged 12 June 1816. E.H. Berkeley Commanding Officer. Sergeant Summers of 2nd Battalion, 35th Regiment

Elgin Fencibles 7 Jan 1800-4 Sep 1802
Thirty fifth 19 April 1805 - 12 June 1816, 11 years 54 days.

Served at Egypt, Walcheren, Holland and Waterloo. Wounded by musketball at Walcheren.

Sergeant Frederick Summers born in the parish of Cam in a near town of Dursley in the County of Gloucester.

5 feet 10 inches, dark brown har, fair complexion, hazle eyes

S.S. Scarfe Captain 35th Regiment"

And found in the British Archives: Frederick Summers name is listed as sergeant of the 35th Foot in the list of soldiers present at the Battle of Waterloo, in Capt Weare's Co, 2nd Battalion.

Marriage

DORSET MARRIAGES VOL 2, transcribed by Clifford Tatler, SOG.

Marriage of Ann Porter and Frederick Summers (soldier 35 Regt), 28 Aug 1805 - by banns. (Looks like Frederick signed name, she made X). Witnesses: William Read and Thomas Whittle.

The LDS microfiln of the Bishop's Transcripts for Broadway has a gap for records in the time frame of this document; however, the other pages from the film appear to be identical in handwriting and form to this document. Evidently, the copy held by the family is a contemporary document.

Military

A record in Scotlands People states that John Stenna (John Stinner) of the 13th Foot in Edinburgh Castle married Ann Porter, relict of Sgt Summers of the same unit, in 1820. Evidently Frederick Summers, formerly of the 35th Foot, had reenlisted into the British Army in a different unit sometime between 1816 and 1820. This record is almost certainly a record for Ann PORTER Summers of Frensham, wife of Sgt Frederick Summers of Dursley.

Records of the 13th Regiment of Foot from Jun 1817 to 1820 show that Frederick Summers had rejoined the British Army after leaving the 35th Foot in 1816. In 1817 the 13th Regiment was in the Channel Island but they were moved to Hilsea Barracks in Portsmouth in June 1819. From there they were transferred to Scotland on Sept 25, 1819 to help suppress the Scottish rebellion. At various times he was in Glasgow, Stirling Castle and Edinburgh Castle where he died before Oct 20, 1820.

Napoleonic War Records 1775 - 1817 From findmypast has this entry:
First name(s) Frederick
Last name Summers
Rank Corporal
Regiment 1/13th Foot+
Enlistment year 1817
Enlistment day 10
Enlistment month Mar
WO25 reference 931
Category Military Service & Conflict
Subcategory Regimental & Service Records
Collections from Great Britain, UK None

There are 11 mentions of Frederick Summers, a payroll clerk & Waterloo Man, in WO 12/3040 and WO 12/3041 of the British Archives. (1817-1820) The first record shows he must have joined the 13th as a Corporal but was promoted back to Sergeant sometime between June and Sept, 1817. He was stationed in Guernsey for most of his time with the 13th.

Media object

Frederick was a Color Sargeant in the 35th Regiment of Foot from 1806 until 1816. As a British soldier he saw action in Sicily, Egypt, Walcheren and Waterloo. His unit marched in a victory parade in Paris, after Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo.His descendents still have the orange color sash that he wore as the Color Sargeant of his battalion.

Media object

Only the first battalion of the 35th Foot fought at San Pietro di Maida in Calabria, Italy against the Napoleonic forces. Frederick was probably still in England at the time of the battle since it was reported the 2nd Battalion did not arrive in Sicily until July 9, 1806.

Note

Frederick's parents were almost certainly Charles Summers and Martha Vizard according th parish records and also to the fact that Charly Summers,son of Charles and Martha was also a cordwainer according to the Nympsfield parish records - as was Frederick (according to his mulitary records.)

Note

Recent research has revealed more information about Frederic Summers and his wife Ann Porter. We had known that, after the Battle of Waterloo, Frederick left the 35th Regiment of Foot when they returned in 1816. We had no further information on him after that except that a family story (written in Indiana some 80 years later) said that he had died soon after. Newly discovered records from Edinburgh Scotland and from Muster Books in the British archives show that circa 1818 Frederick rejoined the British Army in the 13th Regiment, not the 35th. The 13th was stationed in the Channel Island of Guernsey and I conjecture Frederick and his wife Ann Porter wanted to return to Army life in Guernsey where they had lived in 1812 when their daughter Ann Priscilla was born. But the records show that the 13th was transferred to Scotland in 1819 to suppress an uprising of Glasgow factory workers and Frederick died sometime around October 1820. Now we have discovered that Ann immediately remarried another soldier from the 13th - John Stinner. I haven't been able to find the outcome of this marriage; the 13th Regiment was sent to Nepal in 1822 but I don't know if Stinner and Ann went with them. It's possible she did: Ann had been an army wife and followed Frederick from post to post, battles and all, for 15 years.
Added: Research has shown that Stinner must have died because Ann married for the third time to a man named Samuel Groves, in London in 1823. However Groves died by 1826 whereas Ann married her fourth and final husband Charles Colley, 24 Dec 1826, in the London borough of Southwark.

Birth
Baptism
Military
Military
Military service
Marriage
Military
Death
Media object
BritishArmy35ft2.gif
BritishArmy35ft2.gif
Note: Frederick was a Color Sargeant in the 35th Regiment of Foot from 1806 until 1816. As a British soldier he saw action in Sicily, Egypt, Walcheren and Waterloo. His unit marched in a victory parade in Paris, after Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo.His descendents still have the orange color sash that he wore as the Color Sargeant of his battalion.
Media object
KingsColour-35ft1.gif
KingsColour-35ft1.gif
Media object
BattleMaida.jpg
BattleMaida.jpg
Note: Only the first battalion of the 35th Foot fought at San Pietro di Maida in Calabria, Italy against the Napoleonic forces. Frederick was probably still in England at the time of the battle since it was reported the 2nd Battalion did not arrive in Sicily until July 9, 1806.
Media object
Ann Porter Summers Remarried in 1820 to John Stinner of 13th Foot
Ann Porter Summers Remarried in 1820 to John Stinner of 13th Foot
Note: A record in Scotlands People states that John Stenna (John Stinner) of the 13th Foot in Edinburgh Castle married Ann Porter, relict of Sgt Summers of the same unit, in 1820. John Stinner does not appear in 13th Regiment musters after 1821.