Richmond Oliver BENNETT, 18361895 (aged 58 years)

Name
Richmond Oliver /BENNETT/
Birth
Military
First Texas, Hood's Brigade, CSA
Note: This article from Houston newspaper in 1863 shows the casualties of the Fourth and First Texas, Hoods Brigade. It lists R O Bennett, CO M, First Texas as a casualty with wounds to the head and knee.
Death of a maternal grandfather
Note: From THE PALLADIUM Advertisements, Coweta Co GA

From THE PALLADIUM Advertisements, Coweta Co GA

April 14, 1836

Cary Cotton and Sarah Cotton, Administrators will sell perishable property of Weaver Cotton, deceased, of 2nd District, Coweta Co. on 5th May.

Birth of a sister
Death of a paternal grandmother
after 1840 (aged 3 years)
Ga
Death of a paternal grandfather
Death of a maternal grandmother
Note: From Findagrave for Sally Bennett Evans Cotton:

From Findagrave for Sally Bennett Evans Cotton:

Birth: 1780
Bedford County
Virginia, USA
Death: 1850
Moreland
Coweta County
Georgia, USA

1795: Sarah Elizabeth Bennett first married James Arden Evans @ Pittsylvania Co., VA. While Sarah was pregnant with their first child, James Arden Evans died in 11/1799. Sarah gave birth to their child in 6/1800 @ Wilkes Co., GA.

8/3/1806: Married Weaver A. Cotton @ Wilkes Co., GA.

1836: Weaver A. Cotton died in Wilkes Co., GA.

1840 United States Federal Census:
Name: Sarah Cotten
[Sarah Cotton]
Home in 1840: Coweta Co., GA
Free White Persons-Males-15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons-Males-20 thru 29: 1
Free White Persons-Females-50 thru 59: 1
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 3
Free White Persons-Under 20: 1
Free White Persons-20 thru 49: 1
Total Free White Persons: 3

1850 Federal Census taken 9/30/1850, for Coweta Co., GA, Dwelling # 500, Family # 500:
William Hindsman, age 44, male, farmer, b. GA;
Mary Hindsman, age 37, female, b. GA;
Sarah Hindsman, age 18, female, b. GA;
Andrew Hindsman, age 12, male, b. GA;
Nancy Hindsman, age 10, female, b. GA;
W. Cotton, age 27, male, b. GA;
S. Cotton, age 63, female, b. GA.
(this shows Weaver Cotton and his mother, Sarah Cotton.)

Family links:
Spouses:
James Arden Evans (1773 - 1799)
Weaver Cotton (1768 - 1836)

Children:
James Arden Evans (1800 - 1855)*
Mary Cotton Bennett (1807 - 1861)*
Rachel M. Cotton Evans (1808 - 1881)*
Nancy M. Cotton Hindsman (1810 - 1855)*
Sarah M. Cotton Hindsman (1815 - 1857)*
Travis Cotton (1815 - 1850)*
Weaver Alexander Cotton (1822 - 1896)*
Bennett Cotton (1824 - 1842)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Hindsman Family Cemetery
Moreland
Coweta County
Georgia, USA

Death of a father
Military
1857 (aged 20 years)
Note: Richmond served as a Mounted Texas Ranger in the Indian Wars of NW Central Texas. His commander for 3 months was Lt Thomas K Carmack. Muster record and power of attorney records for the ranger RO Bennett were found in the Texas State Archives.
Event
Mounted Texas Ranger
1857 (aged 20 years)
Note: Comparison of Richmond's signature (RO Bennett) from his Trinity Co Land Patent in 1871 and the signature of RO Bennett, Mounted Texas Ranger serving in Lt Thomas Karmack's Erath County Ranger Company in 1858, clearly shows that these are the same men. Both records can be found in the Texas Archives.

Comparison of Richmond's signature (RO Bennett) from his Trinity Co Land Patent in 1871 and the signature of RO Bennett, Mounted Texas Ranger serving in Lt Thomas Karmack's Erath County Ranger Company in 1858, clearly shows that these are the same men. Both records can be found in the Texas Archives.

In 1857 Richmond's sister Sarah Frances Hightower lived in Erath Co. Richmond must have also traveled from Trinity Co to visit or look for land in the period just before the Civil War. Texas raised several companies of Rangers in response to Indian attacks on settlements NW of Austin. Karmack's Ranger Company signed up for 3 months and evidently disbanded in Austin in 1858.

Marriage
Note: Sarah's application for a Confederate Widow's Pension states she was married Dec 1860 in Trinity Co.
Death of a mother
Birth of a daughter
Military
Corporal in Co M, First Texas, Hood's Bigade, CSA
1862 (aged 25 years)
Note: Wounded three times:

Wounded three times:
1862 Battle of Antietam - in the hand
1863 Stauntan Va skirmish
1863 Gettysburg - shot in knee and head on second day of battle

Captured Twice
1863 After Battle of Gettysburg at Planks Farm Field Hospital
1864 Oct 7, 1864 after fight outside Petersburg Va

Death of a sister
Birth of a son
Birth of a daughter
Death of a sister
Note: From gedmatch pedigree of Ref: 3470714:P37 for T968797 Susan Hamilton.
Birth of a daughter
Birth of a daughter
Event
Houston Preemption
1875 (aged 38 years)
Note: Richmond qualified for the Houston preemption in 1875.

Richmond qualified for the Houston preemption in 1875.

From 1845 to 1854, individuals could claim 320 acres of land from the unappropriated public domain. The amount was reduced to 160 acres in 1854 and the grant program was cancelled in 1856. Preemption grants of 160 acres were reinstituted in 1866 and continued until 1898. To qualify for a preemption grant settlers were required to live on the land for three years and make improvements. Richmond received 160 acres adjacent to his father MY Bennett's land in the Crecy area.

County: Trinity
Abstract Number: 123
District/Class: Houston Preemption
File Number: 000010
Original Grantee: Bennett, R O
Patentee: Bennett, R O
Title Date:
Patent Date: 18 Jun 1875
Patent No: 601
Patent Vol: 2

Birth of a son
Birth of a daughter
Marriage of a daughter
Birth of a daughter
Confederate Script
1882 (aged 45 years)
Note: Richmond was approved to receive a large tract of land due to the fact that he was a disabled former Confederate soldier - disabled as the result of wounds received in the Civil War. He received Confederate Script Certificate 1585 which he used to survey and get title to land in Edwards and Val Verde counties. Evidently the Val Verde application was in conflict and returned to the state; hece the second application for the land in Edwards Co. He sold the land immediately to A.E. Taylor.
Birth of a son
Marriage of a daughter
Marriage of a daughter
Marriage of a daughter
Event
Texas Land Office Files
Note: The Texas General Land Office has several historical records of land grants that RO Bennett received. All of them pertain to the same RO (Richmond Oliver) Bennett of Trinity Texas, having to do with grants he was entitled to receive based on his Confederate service and on his application based on received title to fallow land in Trinity county.

The Texas General Land Office has several historical records of land grants that RO Bennett received. All of them pertain to the same RO (Richmond Oliver) Bennett of Trinity Texas, having to do with grants he was entitled to receive based on his Confederate service and on his application based on received title to fallow land in Trinity county.

File 052196 contains records for his Certificate 1585 and a survey and title transfer to land in Edwards County.

File 043775 contains a survey of land in Val verde County for RO Bennett which was also based on his 1585 Certificate. Evidently this application was voided and returned.

Death
Note: In one application for her pension Sarah declared Richmond died in 1895. In another she said 1896. The application for his military headstone, submitted in 1932 after Sarah had died, states he died Jan 15, 1895.
Family with parents
father
BennettCemeteryMemorial.jpg
18071856
Birth: 1807 27 27 Wilkes Co GA
Death: 1856Trinity County Tx
mother
Marriage MarriageAugust 27, 1826Wilkes GA
6 years
elder brother
3 years
elder sister
18341869
Birth: about 1834 27 27 Fayette Co Ga
Death: December 1869Trinity Co, Tx
2 years
himself
Cropped Image of RO Bennett
18361895
Birth: March 11, 1836 29 29 Georgia
Death: January 15, 1895Groveton, Trinity Co, Tx
2 years
younger sister
-10 years
elder brother
2 years
elder sister
18291864
Birth: 1829 22 22 Wilkes Co Ga
Death: March 4, 1864Erath Co Tx
Family with Sarah Jane MOORE
himself
Cropped Image of RO Bennett
18361895
Birth: March 11, 1836 29 29 Georgia
Death: January 15, 1895Groveton, Trinity Co, Tx
wife
Marriage MarriageDecember 1860Trinity Co, Tx
10 months
daughter
18611943
Birth: September 30, 1861 25 24
Death: August 6, 1943Anson, Jones Co, Texas
5 years
son
Micajah Y Bennett Photos
18661945
Birth: March 23, 1866 30 28
Death: November 27, 1945Los Angeles County, CA
23 months
daughter
3 years
daughter
3 years
daughter
18731944
Birth: October 30, 1873 37 36 Trinity Co, Tx
Death: January 1, 1944Dallas Co., TX, USA
2 years
son
John H Bennett Photo
18761965
Birth: February 15, 1876 39 38
Death: December 16, 1965Abilene, Taylor, Tx
2 years
daughter
4 years
daughter
A young Henryetta Bennett
18811962
Birth: November 16, 1881 45 44
Death: May 21, 1962Lufkin, Angelina, Tx
2 years
son
A young Richmond Floyd Bennett
18841969
Birth: February 20, 1884 47 46
Death: July 31, 1969Harris Co, Tx
John A. ROGERS + Sarah Jane MOORE
wife’s husband
wife
Marriage MarriageMarch 1, 1855Nacogdoches Tx
22 months
stepson
William Robert Rogers Family circa 1917
18561937
Birth: about 1856 18 Texas
Death: April 21, 1937Nacogdoches Co, Tx
2 years
stepson
John Rogers, Son of Sarah Jane Moore
18581918
Birth: February 23, 1858 20 Texas
Death: January 12, 1918Apple Springs, Tx
Birth
Birth

1867 Voter Registration of Texas. Richmond was probably born in Fayette Co, since his father had moved there by 1834.

Military

Richmond served as a Mounted Texas Ranger in the Indian Wars of NW Central Texas. His commander for 3 months was Lt Thomas K Carmack. Muster record and power of attorney records for the ranger RO Bennett were found in the Texas State Archives.

Military

This article from Houston newspaper in 1863 shows the casualties of the Fourth and First Texas, Hoods Brigade. It lists R O Bennett, CO M, First Texas as a casualty with wounds to the head and knee.

Event

Comparison of Richmond's signature (RO Bennett) from his Trinity Co Land Patent in 1871 and the signature of RO Bennett, Mounted Texas Ranger serving in Lt Thomas Karmack's Erath County Ranger Company in 1858, clearly shows that these are the same men. Both records can be found in the Texas Archives.

In 1857 Richmond's sister Sarah Frances Hightower lived in Erath Co. Richmond must have also traveled from Trinity Co to visit or look for land in the period just before the Civil War. Texas raised several companies of Rangers in response to Indian attacks on settlements NW of Austin. Karmack's Ranger Company signed up for 3 months and evidently disbanded in Austin in 1858.

Marriage

Sarah's application for a Confederate Widow's Pension states she was married Dec 1860 in Trinity Co.

Military

Wounded three times:
1862 Battle of Antietam - in the hand
1863 Stauntan Va skirmish
1863 Gettysburg - shot in knee and head on second day of battle

Captured Twice
1863 After Battle of Gettysburg at Planks Farm Field Hospital
1864 Oct 7, 1864 after fight outside Petersburg Va

Event

Richmond qualified for the Houston preemption in 1875.

From 1845 to 1854, individuals could claim 320 acres of land from the unappropriated public domain. The amount was reduced to 160 acres in 1854 and the grant program was cancelled in 1856. Preemption grants of 160 acres were reinstituted in 1866 and continued until 1898. To qualify for a preemption grant settlers were required to live on the land for three years and make improvements. Richmond received 160 acres adjacent to his father MY Bennett's land in the Crecy area.

County: Trinity
Abstract Number: 123
District/Class: Houston Preemption
File Number: 000010
Original Grantee: Bennett, R O
Patentee: Bennett, R O
Title Date:
Patent Date: 18 Jun 1875
Patent No: 601
Patent Vol: 2

Confederate Script

Richmond was approved to receive a large tract of land due to the fact that he was a disabled former Confederate soldier - disabled as the result of wounds received in the Civil War. He received Confederate Script Certificate 1585 which he used to survey and get title to land in Edwards and Val Verde counties. Evidently the Val Verde application was in conflict and returned to the state; hece the second application for the land in Edwards Co. He sold the land immediately to A.E. Taylor.

Event

The Texas General Land Office has several historical records of land grants that RO Bennett received. All of them pertain to the same RO (Richmond Oliver) Bennett of Trinity Texas, having to do with grants he was entitled to receive based on his Confederate service and on his application based on received title to fallow land in Trinity county.

File 052196 contains records for his Certificate 1585 and a survey and title transfer to land in Edwards County.

File 043775 contains a survey of land in Val verde County for RO Bennett which was also based on his 1585 Certificate. Evidently this application was voided and returned.

Death

In one application for her pension Sarah declared Richmond died in 1895. In another she said 1896. The application for his military headstone, submitted in 1932 after Sarah had died, states he died Jan 15, 1895.

Media object

This flag was the companion to the Lone Star banner below. During the spring and summer of 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia began to issue factory-made battle flags. This flag is a variant of the so-called first bunting issue, and probably was meant by army commanders to be the official flag of the 1st Texas. The soldiers, however, continued to favor their state flag, but carried both into battle. The ANV flag was lost in Miller's cornfield at the same moment as the state flag, being picked up by the same Pennsylvania private. Both flags were relegated to the War Department after the war and languished until 1905 when President Theodore Roosevelt returned them to Texas as part of a gesture of national reconciliation.

Media object

This is a Lone Star flag inscribed with the battle honors, "Seven Pines/Gaines Farm" in the blue canton, and "Elthams Landing/Malvern Hill" in the field. This very important flag was made by Lula Wigfall, daughter of the regiment's first colonel, Louis T. Wigfall, and was presented to the 1st Texas in the summer of 1861.

As the battle honors attest, the 1st Texas fought under this flag throughout the Peninsula Campaign. The Texans carried it through the Second Manassas fight in August 1862 and into Maryland during Lee's first invasion of the North. During the desperate Battle of Antietam, in Miller's cornfield on Lee's northern flank, the 1st Texas suffered 82.3 percent casualties -- the highest endured by any unit North or South during the entire war. In the course of the battle, nine brave Texas standard bearers fell carrying this flag. When the ninth was killed, the flag was lost -- picked up from among the dead bodies by a Pennsylvania private.

Shared note

PROBABLY born in Fayette Co Ga.. There is a Micajah Bennett (Richmond father's name) who was living in Fayette Co Ga in 1836. All census and voter registrations for Richmond simply say Ga. as birthplace.

Aunt Effie Austin says that there is a photograph of Richmond Bennett that hung in her mother's house until she died . The photo went to Aunt Rosie in Groveton and eventually to Panola Perkins in Seabooke (now deceased.) Panola has a son named George Willis who lives in Onalaska Tx near Groveton. She said the photo was taken before
the civil war and shows Richmond as a young man with big sideburns.

Note

Richmond joined Company M of the First Texas in 1862. This unit was formed from Trinity Co, Texas and was the last unit to join with Texas' Hood's Brigade in Virginia. In 1862 Company M arrived in Virginia just in time to participate in Robert ELee's first attempt to invade the North, ending with one of the biggest battles in the Civil war - the Battle of Antietam. The First Texas unit fought in the early morning in the infamous cornfield close to the Dunker church. The unit suffereed82% casualties - one of the highest suffered by any unit of the Civil War - and lost its battle flag. Richmond was wounded in the thumb, according to official casualty lists. (Family lore is that he lost his thumb in the war.)

In the Spring of 1863 Richmond was wounded near Staunton Va in a skirmish. He was well enough to travel with Hood's brigade as part of Lee's Army of Virginia as they invaded the North a second time. At the Battle of Gettysburg, Richmond's unit fought through the area close to Devil's Den and Little Round Top to capture a Union battery. At some point Richmond was seriously wounded in the knee and head. After the battle he was left behind with other wounded soldiers at Plank's Farm where he was captured. He remained a prisoner until he was exchanged sometime in the Fall of 1863.

In October 1864 Richmond was captured once again after an intense skirmish outside Petersburg VA, in which many fellow Texans were killed. He remained a prisoner until March 17, 1865, just a few days before the end of the war, when he was released at Point Lookout MD.

Richmond traveled home on his on, as most Confederate soldiers did. When he returned in late 1865, family lore says that he surprised his family when he walked into the clearing - scaring his young boys who did not recognize him. He had been gone for 3 and a half years and family lore says that his family thought he was dead.

Note

From Find A Grave entry for Richmond Bennett:

Richmond Oliver Bennett married Sarah Jane Moore (Rogers) 25 Dec 1860 in Trinity Co, TX. He was the son of Micajah Y. & Mary (Cotton) Bennett. He fought in the Civil War for the Confederacy and was taken prisoner several times. After the war was over, he had to find his way home as best he could. According to family lore, after walking many miles and being thin, dirty and unshaven, arrived at his home and asked Sarah his wife if she has room for a tired old man to stay and rest. She replied that she is a widow and can't let him stay there but her father (Isaac Moore) lives down the road and would welcome him. Sarah thought he was dead and didn't recognize him until he called her by name and asked her if she didn't know who he was.

Family history and the Texas Historical Cemetery sign at Bennett Cemetery says that he gave the land for the Crecy, Texas, community to use for a cemetery. Many graves, including his parents, were already there. The previous name of the cemetery was Pleasant Hill.